Transforming Acinetobacter baylyi ADP1

About A. baylyi ADP1

Acinetobacter baylyi ADP1 (AB) is a naturally competent bacteria with enormous potential for genome engineering due to the ease of genome manipulation its competence confers. AB becomes competent after being diluted into into fresh media from stationary phase and remains remains competent until late log phase. The following procedures are used for transforming a self-replicating plasmid into AB or an integrating PCR product with homology to the AB genome. Genomic DNA from marker carrying AB strains can also be used as a transformation source. Discussions of the design of which plasmids are functional in AB and the procedure for genome modification will be provided elsewhere.

Transforming a plasmid or PCR product into AB

The following is a standard procedure for transforming plasmid or a PCR product into the ADP1 strain.

  1. Grow a fresh culture of AB overnight in rich media. Generally this is done by inoculating a small amount of frozen glycerol stock or previous culture into 10mL of LB in a sterile 50mL flask and allowing it to shake in a 30C incubator at 140RPM overnight.
  2. In a sterile test tube, combine 1mL fresh LB, >100ng of transforming DNA, and 70uL of overnight grown ADP1 culture.
  3. Incubate the test tube in a shaking incubator at least 3 hours, ideally overnight.
  4. Plate dilutions of the transformed culture onto selective and non-selective media plates using sterile glass roller beads. Incubate the plates at 30C overnight.
  5. Pick colonies that grow on selective media and use PCR to assay for a successful transformation. Growth on non-selective but not selective plating suggests a failed transformation.

Notes/Considerations in AB transformations

  • Growth and transformation occur with equal transformation frequency on appropriate minimal medias as they do in LB (examples: M9+1% glucose, S2 lactic acid media, and succinate minimal media).
  • If using 100ng of PCR product with at least 1000bp flanking homology on either side of the transformed marker or AB gDNA, you can expect transformation frequencies of around 10E-4.
  • Transformation frequency can be increased by increasing the concentration of transforming DNA, with a maximum transformation frequency (approx. 10E-3 to 10E-2) at 2ug/mL.
  • Transformation frequency is sensitive to the amount of homology a construct has to the AB genome for PCR products. 500bp on each flank should be used as a minimum for moderate efficiency (10E-5 transformation frequency at 100ng per 1mL transformation) and a minimum of 250bp on each flank should be used in general, as transformations with less homology are unreliable.
  • Avoid transformations in the presence of chelating agents such as EDTA, as AB transformation has been found to be sensitive to divalent cation concentration.
  • When plating AB, try to avoid the use wet plates or plates with abberant surface texture. Wet plates will haze individual colonies and abberant surface texture produces irregular morphologies.
  • Linearized plasmid will not recircularize in an AB transformation unless two separate digestions with different cut sites on the plasmid are used. It is best to just transform whole plasmid.

-- Main.BrianRenda - 04 Jun 2013

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Topic revision: r1 - 04 Jun 2013 - 16:32:43 - Main.BrianRenda
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