Unix Commands Quick Reference

Useful commands and flags that we get tired of looking up...

Disk Space

The du command is verbose and confusing if you run it without options. Here is how to get a human-readable output and a grand total for the path argument (omit for current directory).

du -hc

Fixing Line Endings

If you get odd errors after transferring a text file from a PC or Mac to a Unix machine, it's likely that you have a problem with newline characters. This is especially common when editing files in Excel and saving them to tab-delimited or comma-delimited files for input into. You can generally avoid this problem and fix the line endings by using an industrial strength text editor. This command converts Mac line endings in a saved Excel file to Unix line endings.

tr "\r" "\n" < input.tab >.converted.tab

Merging commands to be serial on TACC

Sometimes you have 96 short jobs that you want to run serially 8 at a time on 12 cores rather than requesting 96 cores. This command will combine every 8 lines in a file into one line separated by && so that these commands are now run on one core.

paste -s -d'#######\n' commands | sed "s/#/ \&\& /g" > commands8

Adding your path to the command prompt

Add to your .bashrc or similar bash startup script:

export PS1='\w\$ '

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Contributors to this topic Edit topic JeffreyBarrick, LucyLeblanc
Topic revision: r4 - 2016-02-29 - 21:09:40 - Main.JeffreyBarrick
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